Climate change presents the greatest environmental challenge of our time, and IEc is prominent in efforts to understand and control this complex phenomenon. Since the mid 1990s, IEc has cultivated a national reputation in climate change impact assessment, drawing on our expertise in air policy and resource economics. We have expanded this expertise into diverse specialties such as sea level rise and climate change adaptation. Likewise, we have expanded our client base to include not only domestic agencies such as the U.S. EPA, the Department of the Interior, and the Tennessee Valley Authority, but also inter-governmental organizations such as the World Bank, international government agencies, and various non-profit groups.
IEc is a leader in efforts to assess climate change impacts on natural systems and the built environment. Using models of wetlands, commercial agriculture, water supplies, infrastructure, and other systems, we help clients characterize physical responses in the environment, as well the economic implications of these changes. For instance, for the U.S. EPA, IEc estimated the impact of climate change on key categories of vulnerable infrastructure resources, including roads, water supply, and urban drainage. Likewise, IEc has examined how inaction will affect Department of Interior holdings in the southeast U.S., including impacts on coastal wetlands, recreational opportunities, and invasive species.
Our consultants are recognized experts on adaptation strategies to counter the effects of climate change, as well as in estimating the public investment needed to implement these strategies. Adaptation and investment are topics of acute interest in developing countries, where anticipated impacts are great and public resources are limited. For instance, IEc has worked extensively with the World Bank on infrastructure design for managing water supplies in Uganda; adaptation options for irrigation and agriculture in Albania, Macedonia, Moldova, and Uzbekistan; and adaptation scenarios for nations threatened by sea level rise, such as Madagascar.
IEc’s climate change expertise grew out of our previous work in air quality and emissions control. We have a sophisticated understanding of greenhouse gas (GHG) contributors, control methods, and the potential for carbon sequestration as a mitigation strategy. Our recent experience includes assessing alternative GHG mitigation policy scenarios and their effect on climate forecasts and biophysical indicators. IEc experts also testified before the U.S. Senate on the design of financial mechanisms to ensure the carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) industry is adequately capitalized to fund future liabilities.